Carnegie Stages - 2nd Trimester Pregnancy3rd Trimester Pregnancy3rd Trimester PregnancyCarnegie Stage 1 - Fertilization Carnegie Stage 2 - CleavageCarnegie Stage 3 - Early BlastocystCarnegie Stage 4 - ImplantationCarnegie Stage 5 - Implantation CompletedCarnegie Stage 6 - GastrulationCarnegie Stage 7 - NeurulationCarnegie Stage 8 - Primitive PitCarnegie Stage 9 - First SomitesCarnegie Stage 10 - Neural Folds, Heart TubeCarnegie Stage 11 - Optic VesicleCarnegie Stage 12 - Upper Limb BudsCarnegie Stage 13 - First Layer Skin Carnegie Stage 14 - Esophagus FormingCarnegie Stage 15 - Cerebral Hemispheres FormingCarnegie Stage 16 - Hindbrain DevelopingCarnegie Stage 17 - Primitive germ cellsCarnegie Stage 19 - Semicircular Canals Forming in Inner EarCarnegie Stage 20 - Spontaneous MovementCarnegie Stage 21 - Intestines MigrateCarnegie Stage 22 - Brain can move musclesCarnegie Stage 23 - End of embryonic developmentWeeks 10 to 11 - Basic Brain Structure CompleteWeeks 12 to 13 - Fetus begins to move aroundWeeks 14 to 15 - Sexual organs now clearly visibleWeeks 16 to 17 - Fingerprints and toe prints beginWeeks 18 to 19 - Brown fat surrounds the lymphatic system.Weeks 20 to 21 - Bone marrow starts making blood cellsWeeks 22 to 23 - Inner ear bones harden, hearing possibleWeeks 24 to 25 - Sensory brain waves begin to activateWeeks 26 to 27 - Lungs begin to produce sufacantWeeks 28 to 29 - Brain Surface Convolutions BeginWeeks 39 to 40 - Baby full termWeeks 41 - 41 Baby full termWeeks 38 to 39 - Fetal liver is producing blood cellsWeeks 36 to 37 - Body is round and plump with white fatWeeks 34 to 35 - Gastrointestinal system still very immatureWeeks 32 to 33 - Fetus begins to develop immune systemWeeks 30 to 31 - Rapid brain growth; head size increasesPregnancy - 1st TrimesterPregnancy - 1st Trimester



The Visible Embryo
is a visual guide through fetal development from fertilization through pregnancy to birth. As the most profound physiologic changes occur in the "first trimester" of pregnancy, these Carnegie stages are given prominence on the birth spiral.


The shape and location of embryonic
internal structures and how they
relate and are connected to each
other is essential to understanding
human development. Medical
professionals create a mental picture
of this process in order to determine
how well the fetus is progressing. It is
also the basis of knowing how and when
errors in development occur and if a
possibility exists for a corrective
intervention.

It is equally important for expectant
parents to understand the relationship
of these internal structures and how
their infant develops through pregnancy.

Creating the images for The Visible Embryo, included capturing data from slides and three dimensional structures on fetal anatomy in The National Institutes of Health, Carnegie Collection of embryos, as well as from 3D and 4D ultra sound images.

Disclaimer: The Visible Embryo web site is provided for your general information only. The information contained on this site should not be treated as a substitute for medical,legal or other professional advice. Neither is The Visible Embryo responsible or liable for the contents of any websites of third parties which are listed on this site.

 







 

The Visible Embryo Home
   
Google  
Fetal Timeline-   Maternal Timeline&   News-   Prescription Drugs in Pregnancy -  Pregnancy Calculator-  Female Reproductive System--

News Alerts   Birth Spiral  Chronic Stress & the Klf9 Gene  Birth Spiral  Genetically Manipulating Disease Resistence  Birth Spiral  Immune Cells Sculpt Our Brain  Birth Spiral  Embryos Take Shape Under Pressure  Birth Spiral  Why Your Immune System Does Not Attack You  Birth Spiral  Relax Through Your Pregnancy  Birth Spiral  Estrogen Key Protection Against Stroke Brain Damage  Birth Spiral  Circadian Rhythms "Wash" Waste From Brain  Birth Spiral  Strokes in Babies Surprisingly Common  Birth Spiral  What Prevents COVID-19 Entering Baby via Placenta?  Birth Spiral  What Causes Swallowing Disorders?  Birth Spiral  Making Memories  Birth Spiral  Unprecedented 3D Reconstruction of A Protein  Birth Spiral  "Jumping" DNA Regulates Our Human Neurons  Birth Spiral  Two Discoveries Boost Next-Generation Organoids  Birth Spiral  New Therapy Prevents Onset of Dravet Syndrome?  Birth Spiral  From Fin to Limb  Birth Spiral  Towards a Treatment for Krabbe Disease  Birth Spiral  How X Chromosomes 'Talk' to Each Other  Birth Spiral  Preventing Heart Disease Before Birth  Birth Spiral  "Preemies" Need Breast Millk  Birth Spiral  Atlas of Fetal Heart Development  Birth Spiral  Gut Cells Nurture Lymph Capillaries  Birth Spiral  Blurring the Line Between the Sexes  Birth Spiral  Cannabis Use in Pregnancy Linked to Autism Risk  Birth Spiral  Cannabis Use in Pregnancy Linked to Autism Risk  Birth Spiral  New Genetic Analyses May Give Answers to Stillbirths  Birth Spiral  How to Become a Nerve Cell  Birth Spiral  'Antenna' Cover Neuron Cells  Birth Spiral  Methylation Shapes Our Genome  Birth Spiral  Reversing Alzheimer's  Birth Spiral  How Cells Keep Growing Even When Under Attack  Birth Spiral  Individual Epigenetic Affects Identified  Birth Spiral  Human Embryos Might Be Susceptible to Coronavirus  Birth Spiral  The Thin Crepe Which Is Our Cerebellum  Birth Spiral  How 'Self-Eating' Is Regulated In Stem Cells  Birth Spiral  New Insights Into How Wounds Heal  August 2020   Birth Spiral  Parasitic Bacteria In Groundwater, Moose & You!  Birth Spiral  A Fasting Diet Could Boost Breast Cancer Therapy  Birth Spiral  The Love Hormone "Oxytocin" Could Treat Alzheimer's  Birth Spiral  Starving Cancer  Birth Spiral  Pickled Capers Activate Brain & Heart Proteins  Birth Spiral  Fly Embryo Can Be Controlled By Simple Light Signals  Birth Spiral  Nucleolus Controls Cell Growth  Birth Spiral  Genes Affecting Brains and Brawn?  Birth Spiral  Sheets of Epithelial Cells Line Every Organ  Birth Spiral  How Blood Vessels Talk to Neurons  Birth Spiral  Solving the Mystery of Batten Disease  Birth Spiral  Disorder In Protein TDP-43 Adds To ALS & Alzheimer's  Birth Spiral  Human 'Biofilm' Causing Alzheimer/Arthritis Diseases?  Birth Spiral  Breast Cancer Gene Affects Immune Response  Birth Spiral  New Support of Remdesivir COVID-19 Treatment  Birth Spiral  Water Loss Stimulates Cell Waste Clean Out  Birth Spiral  Lung Physiology and Immune Function in Children  Birth Spiral  What Influences Bee Aggression?  Birth Spiral  Epithelial Cells Line Every Edge of All Organs  Birth Spiral  Evolution Trees Reflect Relationships Between Species  Birth Spiral  The Pregnancy Immune System  Birth Spiral  COVID-19 Triggers Deadly Blood Clots  Birth Spiral  Glutamate Stimulates Nerve Growth  Birth Spiral  'Cold' Virus Upsets the Electrical System of Our Heart  Birth Spiral  Our Western Diet Ages Us  Birth Spiral  California's Premature Births Decline  Birth Spiral  Alzheimer's May Have Tau Protein Subtypes  Birth Spiral  Increasing Links Between Processed Food & Cancer  Birth Spiral  A New Type of COVID-19 Antibody Test  Birth Spiral  How Moms' Epigenetics Guarantee Her Child's Success  Birth Spiral  Ocean Bacteria Can Have a Green Thumb  Birth Spiral  New Approach Turns Up Heat In Fat Cells  Birth Spiral  Why Developing Nerve Cells Go Wrong  Birth Spiral  Detecting Antibodies to COVID19  Birth Spiral  How Immune Cells Choose to Respond  Birth Spiral  A Tiny, Magnet Powers Neural Stimulation  Birth Spiral  Human Eggs Prefer Some Sperm Over Others  Birth Spiral  Environmental Noise Changes Cell Structures  Birth Spiral  New Protein 'Turns On' Sperms  Birth Spiral  Inflammation Protects Cancer Cells from Viruses  Birth Spiral  Map of Mouse Inner Ear Sound Sensors  Birth Spiral  Taking A Deep Look Into Animal Nervous Systems  Birth Spiral  Century-Old Debate Solved  Birth Spiral  X and Y Chromosomes Need PAR  Birth Spiral  Contractions In Human Placenta Explained  June 2020   Birth Spiral  Genetics, Gut Microbiome & Memory  Birth Spiral  Model For Early Human Embryonic Brain Developed  Birth Spiral  Defects in Frog Brain Can Be Prevented or Repaired  Birth Spiral  COVID Deaths Show Clotting in Blood Vessels  Birth Spiral  Placentas Injured In COVID19 Positive Women  Birth Spiral  Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Detected in Womb  Birth Spiral  How A Defective Gene Can Cause Autism  Birth Spiral  How Plants Forget  Birth Spiral  YAP Protein Can Promote Cancers  Birth Spiral  Harnessing the Power of Cord Blood  Birth Spiral  MicroRNAs Attack Coronavirus  Birth Spiral  What are Chances of Second IVF Baby After the First?  Birth Spiral  Lipid Metabolism Controls Brain Development  Birth Spiral  Our Microbiome Signals Immune System Responses  Birth Spiral  New Cell Crucial In Response to Respiratory Infection  Birth Spiral  Accurate 3D Imaging of Speeding Sperm Cells  Birth Spiral  In Meiosis Short & Long Chromosomes Compete  Birth Spiral  Mom's Infection May Affect Fetal Brain Disorders  Birth Spiral  A Sensitive Test for Coronavirus Antibodies  Birth Spiral  Measuring Cancer Cell Mechanics in Living Animals  Birth Spiral  A Better Gene Therapy Technique?  May 2020   Birth Spiral  Fracking May Interrupt Male Sex Hormones  Birth Spiral  New Factor Identified That Fuses Sperm to Egg  Birth Spiral  Diabetes Reversed In Mice!  Birth Spiral  Antibody Test For COVID-19 Virus Breakthrough  Birth Spiral  Finding Leukemia's Weakness Using CRISPR  Birth Spiral  Stuttering DNA Orchestrates Start of Mosquito's Life  Birth Spiral  A Newly Discovered Mem`ory In Our Bones  Birth Spiral  Fewer Dangerous Human Viruses in Breastfed Babies  Birth Spiral  Vegetable Diet Lowers Risk of Premature Birth  Birth Spiral  Reconstructing the Human Clock  Birth Spiral  AIM2 a Source of Lifelong Behavioral Issues?  Birth Spiral  Jumping Genes Help Make Neurons in a Petri Dish  Birth Spiral  The Genetic Architecture of Our Brain  Birth Spiral  RNA Creates Fetal Map of Neuropsychiatric Disorders  Birth Spiral  Connection Between Lungs, Oxygen Flow and Disease  Birth Spiral  Developing A New System Combatting COVID-19  Birth Spiral  Correcting Genes In The Womb  Birth Spiral  There Is Hope For This Horrible Pandemic  Birth Spiral  A Potential Vaccine Against SARS-CoV-2  Birth Spiral  Autism Rates Escalating Among Poor and Minorities  Birth Spiral  Skin Cells Continuously Meet a Swift Death  Birth Spiral  SKP1 Enzyme Could be Target for Male Infertility  April 2020   Birth Spiral  Heart Mitochondria Fuel Regeneration  Birth Spiral  Boosting Older People's Immune Response to Vaccines  Birth Spiral  Cell Cytoskeleton Is a Permanent Construction Site  Birth Spiral  Pressure Induces Cells to Get Sticky  Birth Spiral  New Coronavirus Testing Kits Under Development  Birth Spiral  CCL2 Molecule Important To Autoimmune Defense  Birth Spiral  Length of Pregnancy Alters a Child's DNA  Birth Spiral  COVID-19 Virus Epidemic Has Natural Origins  Birth Spiral  Scientists Identify COVID-19 Vaccine Targets  Birth Spiral  COVID-19 Not Transmitted Pregnant Mom to Newborn  Birth Spiral  Repairing DNA Breaks in Aging, Cancer and MND  Birth Spiral  Discovering The Origin of Modern Proteins  Birth Spiral  Household Chemicals Linked to Child Language Delay  Birth Spiral  Brain Waves Stimulate Muscle Movements  Birth Spiral  Brain Waves Stimulate Muscle Movements  Birth Spiral  Stress In Pregnancy Can Last a Lifetime  Birth Spiral  Existing Drugs Give Some Defence Against Coronavirus  Birth Spiral  Dozens of Mutations in Crucial Brain Gene  Birth Spiral  Molecule Offers Hope for Stoping Parkinson's  Birth Spiral  Treating Fetal Disorders With Stem Cell Transplants  Birth Spiral  What Regulates Early Placental Growth?  Birth Spiral  Stem Cells Given to Fetus Treat Metabolic Disorders  Birth Spiral  CRISPR Slows ALS Progression In Mice  Birth Spiral  Pregnancy High Blood Pressure Link to DNA Methylation  Birth Spiral  How to Affect Organ Size and Shape  Birth Spiral  Pregnancy High Blood Pressure Link to DNA Methylation  Birth Spiral  Can Acid Reflux Drugs Curb Preterm Births?  Birth Spiral  Closing In On Cell of Origin For Ovarian Cancer  Birth Spiral  Tiny Hydractinia Produces Unlimited Eggs & Sperm  Birth Spiral  One in Three of Plants & Animals to Disappear by 2070  Birth Spiral  EPA Fails to Follow Landmark Law Protecting Children  Birth Spiral  Rogue Cell Communication Leads to Leukaemia  Birth Spiral  How Do Some Mammals Pause Pregnancy?  Birth Spiral  Predicting The Ideal Transplant Donor & Recipient  Birth Spiral  New Prenatal Blood Test May Identify Gene Errors  Birth Spiral  Mom's Stress During Pregnancy Affects Fetal Brain  Birth Spiral  Do You Get Easily Out of Breath?  Birth Spiral  Aging Cells Lead to Neurodegeneratve Diseases  Birth Spiral  Low-calorie Sweeteners Risky for Infants  Birth Spiral  Can Resetting Circadian Clocks Control Diabetes?  February 2020   Birth Spiral  Fat Cells Sense Sunlight  Birth Spiral  Possible Alzheimer's Breakthrough  Birth Spiral  Surprise in How Eyes 'See'  Birth Spiral  First Induced Autism Symptom Improvements  Birth Spiral  Children Under 5 at High Risk for Flu Complications  Birth Spiral  Linking ALS Genes To Enzyme - Gemin3  Birth Spiral  Zika Birth Abnormalities Linked to Mom's Malnutrition  Birth Spiral  Princeton Recreates A Key Step In Cell Division  Birth Spiral  Intestinal Organoids Are Models For Disease  Birth Spiral  Fast Food Fry Oil Linked to Obesity & Diabetes  Birth Spiral  Single Molecule May Explain Allergic Contact Dermatitis  Birth Spiral  One Infection Can Induce Irritable Bowel Syndrome  Birth Spiral  Chromatin Folds Into The Cell Nucleus Like A 3D Forest  Birth Spiral  Condensing DNA to Fit Into Sperm Can Lead to Errors  Birth Spiral  How Male Puberty Affects Normal Growth and Cancer  Birth Spiral  Having a Baby Can Cost $4,500 Out-of-Pocket  Birth Spiral  Organic Pollutants in Mom's Blood Link to Small Fetus  Birth Spiral  A Man's Diet Quickly Effects His Sperm Quality  Birth Spiral  Identifying Every Brain Cell  Birth Spiral  Deciphering Life's Equations  Birth Spiral  Common Antidepressant Affects Baby  Birth Spiral  Sight Doesn't Work The Way We Thought  Birth Spiral  Mouse Eggs Can Come From Granulosa Cells  January 2020   Birth Spiral  Target For Restoring Spinal Cord Injury  Birth Spiral  Embedding A Special Molecular Switch Into Genes  Birth Spiral  Intermittent Fasting & Living Longer  Birth Spiral  Boys Born Small Have a Higher Chance of Infertility  Birth Spiral  Breastfeeding Critical to Preventing Diabetes  Birth Spiral  Vaginal Births Labor More Slowly Than Expected  Birth Spiral  How Some Cancers Resist Chemotherapy  Birth Spiral  Mutated Neuron Antennae Impair Brain Connections  Birth Spiral  Waves of Stem Cells Replenish Blood  Birth Spiral  Students Do Well When They Understand Emotions  Birth Spiral  Flipping A Switch Against Lupus  Birth Spiral  Predicting Health & Life Span With Plasma  Birth Spiral  Reducing Air Pollution Produces Dramatic Results  Birth Spiral  Immune Response Different In Girls & Boys  Birth Spiral  How Plant Roots Harness 'Bad' Molecules  Birth Spiral  Cross-Talk Between 2 RNA Systems  Birth Spiral  Insight Into How Genes Work   Birth Spiral  Protein Defect Leaves Sperm Chasing Their Tails  Birth Spiral  Common Drug Helps Restoration of Spinal Cord Injury  Birth Spiral  Does Mom's Age Cause Epigenetic Change in Her Eggs?  Birth Spiral  When Single-Celled Microbes Became Complex  December 2019   Birth Spiral  Babies in Womb See More Than Thought  Birth Spiral  DNA Repeats Are Equivalent to 'Dark Matter' In Space  Birth Spiral  How RNA Molecules Fold  Birth Spiral  New Attack Plan Against DMG Gliomas  Birth Spiral  Alexander Disease Gene Editing Discovery  Birth Spiral  How A Cell Organelle Sorts & Distributes Molecules  Birth Spiral  Possible New Treatment For Progeria  Birth Spiral  Newborn Baby Hiccups May Help Brain Growth  Birth Spiral  Fertilization Discovery May Lead to Male Contraceptive  Birth Spiral  Placentas Can Adapt To Poor Diets/Low Oxygen  Birth Spiral  How Stem Cells Lose Their Unlimited Potential  Birth Spiral  Circadian Rhythm Controls Sleep & Body Temperature  Birth Spiral  Polluted Air Decreases Prenatal Brain Size  Birth Spiral  Brains of Girls and Boys Have Equal Math Ability  Birth Spiral  Using 'Pot' In Early Pregnancy Disrupts Brain Growth  Birth Spiral  Health in Old Age A Lifelong Affair  Birth Spiral  Unblocking Stem Cell Division In Old Brains  Birth Spiral  Unblocking Stem Cell Division In Old Brains  Birth Spiral  Reversing Aging In The Brains of Rats  Birth Spiral  Obesity Risks Different For Men and Women  Birth Spiral  MYH9 Gene Mutations Cause Numerous Disorders  Birth Spiral  'Sleeping Cells' Can Be Harmful  November 2019   Birth Spiral  Waves of Signals Determine A Cell's Fate  Birth Spiral  Identifying Gene Mutations In Intellectual Disability  Birth Spiral  Infertility More Common Than Imagined?  Birth Spiral  Competition Between Cells Exerts Change  Birth Spiral  Zika's Effects Vary Depending on Mom's Antibodies  Birth Spiral  ANT Protein Mutations Fail to Supress Mitochondria  Birth Spiral  A Target For ALS  Birth Spiral  Fatty Tissue In Lungs Causes Asthma  Birth Spiral  The Story of Thalidomide Continues  Birth Spiral  New Way to Study Early Development & Pregnancy  Birth Spiral  Moms Impact Children's Oxytocin Levels  Birth Spiral  Fewer Baby Boys for Stressed Moms  Birth Spiral  Jumping Genes Can Cause Rare Child Disorders  Birth Spiral  Gene Link For Sudden Infant Death Syndrome  Birth Spiral  Reversing Symptoms of Schizophrenia!  Birth Spiral  Parents' Lies Hurt Their Children  Birth Spiral  How Fast Can Nerves Grow?  Birth Spiral  Target For Healing Old Muscles?  Birth Spiral  Do Aggressive Breast Cancers Store Their Own Energy?  Birth Spiral  Why E-cigarette Atomizers Kill  Birth Spiral  How Folk Medicines Affect Hypertension  Birth Spiral  Our Muscles Reveal An Ancient Past  Birth Spiral  Do You Hear What I Hear?  October 2019   Birth Spiral  Alzheimer's Disease Responds to Choline  Birth Spiral  Does Time Modify the Affect of Proteins?  Birth Spiral  The mesoSPIM Initiative  Birth Spiral  Microtubules Branch To Spur Mitotis  Birth Spiral  Which Proteins Call The Shots  Birth Spiral  DNA Does Not Like Water!  Birth Spiral  The Switch' from Juvenile to Adult  Birth Spiral  The Origin of Huntington's Disease?  Birth Spiral  Undercover Evolution  Birth Spiral  The Beautiful Simplicity of Tissue Formation  Birth Spiral  High Stress Decreases Mother/Child Attachment  Birth Spiral  Why Half of All Neurons Die  Birth Spiral  Mouse Brain Has Billions of Synaptic Connections  Birth Spiral  Diabetes Drug Slows Glioma Brain Cancer  Birth Spiral  Why Fruit Flies Can Eat Almost Anything  Birth Spiral  GABA Influences Circadian Clock Signals  Birth Spiral  It's Never Too Late to Exercise  Birth Spiral  Even Moderate Drinking Alters Newborn Genes  Birth Spiral  Overeating Linked to Fast Aging  Birth Spiral  Tatooing Can Create Allergic Reactions  Birth Spiral  Controlling RNA With Light!  September 2019   Birth Spiral  How Limbs Form  Birth Spiral  How Mother & Fetal Cells Communicate  Birth Spiral  Gene Changes in Sperm After Pot Use  Birth Spiral  A New Technology for Gene Editing  Birth Spiral  Unique Treatment For DPIG Glioma  Birth Spiral  Self-Testing For A Fatal Disease  Birth Spiral  Testosterone Complicates Relationships  Birth Spiral  Molecule Identified As Key to Anxiety  Birth Spiral  The Fireworks of life  Birth Spiral  From Chaos Comes Order  Birth Spiral  Mediterranean Diet Improves Pregnancy Health  Birth Spiral  Premature Baby and Maternal Complications  Birth Spiral  Worry Over Increased Medical Scans in Pregnancy  Birth Spiral  Birthing Moms Have More Transfusion Complications  Birth Spiral  Placenta Accreta  Birth Spiral  Female 'Stress' Links to Alzheimer's  Birth Spiral  Cibio Knocks Out Cystic Fibrosis   Birth Spiral  Preventing Protein Aggregates in The Brain  Birth Spiral  Linking Epilepsy to Genes  Birth Spiral  Predicting Heart Health In Infants  Birth Spiral  'Maternal Instinct' Is Real  Birth Spiral  Pregnant Mothers Can Mitigate Impact of Marijuana  August 2019   Birth Spiral  PFAS, the 'Forever Chemicals'  Birth Spiral  A Source of Infertiity?  Birth Spiral  Identified - A Gene Mutation For Autism  Birth Spiral  Super-charged Treatment for Leukemia  Birth Spiral  Daily Cannabis Use Before and During Pregnancy?  Birth Spiral  Women's Rights Benefit Entire Community  Birth Spiral  Would You Choose to Live Longer or Live Healthier?  Birth Spiral  Regulating Blood Vessel Formation  Birth Spiral  What Makes Heart Muscles Contract?  Birth Spiral  Cancers May Originate From Ancient Genes  Birth Spiral  What Ancient Hominids Tell Us  Birth Spiral  Killing HIV  Birth Spiral  How Schwann Cells Repair Axons  Birth Spiral  Reversing Diabetes  Birth Spiral  Schwann Cells Generate Myelin  Birth Spiral  A 3D Model of Early Embryo  Birth Spiral  Frankenbodies  Birth Spiral  Human Immune T Cells Vanquish Brain Tumor  Birth Spiral  6 Mammal Gene Networks Profiled  Birth Spiral  'Painting' Human Stem Cells  Birth Spiral  How Sickle Cells Form  Birth Spiral  3D Vision Brain Cells  Birth Spiral  Artificial Sweeteners On Trial Again  July 2019   Birth Spiral  Forming the Brain  Birth Spiral  How Oxygen Shapes Arms and Legs  Birth Spiral  KLF4 Role In Deciding Cell Fate  Birth Spiral  Size Matters!  Birth Spiral  Landmark Finding Stem Cells Change Fast!!  Birth Spiral  How Cells Defend Against Genetic Error  Birth Spiral  Pressure Helps Stem Cells Heal Bone Breaks  Birth Spiral  Cell Identity  Birth Spiral  Reaching and Grasping - Tunes Our Brain  Birth Spiral  Learned Behaviors Can Be Inherited  Birth Spiral  Ahhh Menopause!  Birth Spiral  Pregnancy Compensation Hypothesis  Birth Spiral  Food for Thought  Birth Spiral  Human Brains Tuned for Musical Pitch  Birth Spiral  Music Builds Brains In Preemies  Birth Spiral  Celiac Disease In Children  Birth Spiral  Recent CRISPR Births At Risk  Birth Spiral  Fetal Cilia & Adult Heart Valves  Birth Spiral  Controlling Cell Identity  Birth Spiral  Weak Current Can Retrieve Lost Memories  June 2019   Birth Spiral  Mitochondria Influenced By Cell Nucleus  Birth Spiral  What Signals Muscle Cell Differentiation?  Birth Spiral  A Down Syndrome Treatment?  Birth Spiral  A Circuit Board In Each Cell?  Birth Spiral  Did Leonardo da Vinci have ADHD?  Birth Spiral  What Controls Cell Size?  Birth Spiral  Pigment Stem Cells Can Regenerate  Birth Spiral  A Protein That Adjusts Skin Color  Birth Spiral  Asymmetry Cues Cell Function Via Structure  Birth Spiral  All Immature Cells Can Become Stem Cells  Birth Spiral  How Thalidomide Can Affect Brain Size  Birth Spiral  How Stem Cells Self Protect From Viruses  Birth Spiral  Chronic Stress Stimulates Appetite  Birth Spiral  Discovering Achilles' Heel of Glioblastoma  Birth Spiral  World's 2nd Most Common Birth Defect  Birth Spiral  Deciphering the Cerebral Cortex  Birth Spiral  The Hansel and Gretel of Neuron Connection  Birth Spiral  To Become, Or Just To Be - That is the question  Birth Spiral  Diagnosing Rare Genetic Disease Fast!  Birth Spiral  Bravery Cells Found In Hippocampus  Birth Spiral  Gene Removal Prevents Pancreatic Cancer  Birth Spiral  3D Model of Nutrient Exchange in Human Placenta  Birth Spiral  Pregnancy Pushes Mom's Clock Forward  May 2019   Birth Spiral  Lipids Increase Brain Volume In Tiny Preemies  Birth Spiral  No Safe Amount of Alcohol During Pregnancy  Birth Spiral  Direction of Nerve Fibers Dictates Head to Toe Axis  Birth Spiral  Hair Follicle Stem Cells Repair Damaged Neurons   Birth Spiral  Taming 'Jumping' Genes  Birth Spiral  3 Prenatal CRISPR Gene Editing Studies  Birth Spiral  Gene Therapy Corrects X-SCID  Birth Spiral  A 'Single Cell' Atlas For Children's Health  Birth Spiral  Star Wars 'Burst' of Activity Before Cell Death  Birth Spiral  Eliminating Damaged Mitochondria  Birth Spiral  Eliminating Damaged Mitochondria  Birth Spiral  Ultrasound Aligns Living Cells  Birth Spiral  Anesthesia Sends Fetal Neurons Down Wrong Path  Birth Spiral  Two Enzymes May Trigger Muscle & Brain Disorders  Birth Spiral  Marijuana For Morning Sickness Bad For Baby  Birth Spiral  Unjamming DNA Log Jams  Birth Spiral  Digging Up Ancient Gene Signals In Modern Humans  Birth Spiral  Skin Responds to Sunlight On a 48 Hour Cycle  Birth Spiral  Sunscreen Can Reduce Melanoma By 40%  Birth Spiral  Neural Stem Cells Continuously Generate  Birth Spiral  Assisting Preemies With Vision Problems  Birth Spiral  Linking Nicotine to Sudden Infant Death  Apr 2019   Birth Spiral  How Blood and Immune Cells Form  Birth Spiral  Squishing Blood Stem Cells  Birth Spiral  Roots of Infertility's In Some Sperm DNA  Birth Spiral  Secret to Human Sperm's Swimming Prowess  Birth Spiral  Precision Medicine for Pediatric Cancer  Birth Spiral  Understanding Influence of R-Loops  Birth Spiral  The Genetics of Regeneration  Birth Spiral  Increasingly Complex Mini Brains  Birth Spiral  Steps Closer to Curing Spina Bifida  Birth Spiral  Fetal Brain Problems Caused by Flu Preventable  Birth Spiral  How Cytochrome C Triggers Cell Death  Birth Spiral  Embryos 'Go With The Flow'  Birth Spiral  Mapping A Baby's First Week  Birth Spiral  Measuring Mother's Blood for Smoking  Birth Spiral  PFCs in Food & Water Slow Fetal Growth  Birth Spiral  How Axons Enter the Spinal Cord  Birth Spiral  Protein Stimulates Stem Cell Growth?  Birth Spiral  Immune Cells Help Form Heart Valves  Birth Spiral  Why Male/Female Brains Differ  Birth Spiral  Machine Learning & Diagnosis  Mar 2019   Birth Spiral  What Controls Telomeres On Our Chromosomes?  Birth Spiral  Mitochondrial Fusion  Birth Spiral  Therapy For Mitochondrial Disease?  Birth Spiral  Our Genes Vary Our Physical Outcomes  Birth Spiral  How Exercise/Fasting Keep Us Healthy  Birth Spiral  NEW - Double Walled Nucleus?   Birth Spiral  Nested CRISPR: Using Clone-Free DNA Pieces  Birth Spiral  CRISPR Makes Stem Cells 'Invisible'  Birth Spiral  New anti-CRISPR Proteins Found  Birth Spiral  Miniature Kidney Organoids Come of Age  Birth Spiral  Therapy for Muscular Dystrophies  Birth Spiral  SMLC and Embryos  Birth Spiral  Disrupting Embryo Implantation  Birth Spiral  Gastrulation In Artificial Embryos  Birth Spiral  Regrowing Damaged Kidneys  Birth Spiral  What Makes Maleness?  Birth Spiral  Getting Cells Going  Birth Spiral  How a neuron grows an axon  Birth Spiral  Cells Mathematically Determine Position  Birth Spiral  Artificial Intelligence and the Single Cell  Feb 2019   Birth Spiral  Kick-Starting Cell Division  Birth Spiral Can Adult Brains Create New Neurons?  Birth Spiral A First! CRISPR/Cas9 Edit of Gene Inheritance  Birth Spiral All too human  Birth Spiral CNVs Link to Schizophrenia  Birth Spiral The Long and the Short of It  Birth Spiral The Body's Weight Center Is In The Brain  Birth Spiral Why Do HeLa Cells Persist?  Birth Spiral How Cells Fight Chromosome Imbalance  Birth Spiral  Changing How We Study Disease?  Birth Spiral How Cell Membrane Receptors Are Activated  Birth Spiral Caught At Work  Birth Spiral Linking Aging and RNA-binding Proteins  Birth Spiral Two Proteins Create Brain Boundaries  Birth Spiral  Some Tension is Good in Life  Birth Spiral  Gut Link to Brain Disorders in Pregnancy  Birth Spiral  True age detected in DNA from blood  Birth Spiral  How sperm stem cells maintain high numbers  Birth Spiral  What Causes Organs to Deteriorate and Age?  Birth Spiral  What a mother gives to her baby besides genes  Birth Spiral  We Are What We Eat  Birth Spiral  How Exercise Reduces Belly Fat  Birth Spiral  Gender Affects Sense of Smell  Birth Spiral  Cannabis Alters Genes in Sperm  Birth Spiral  A New Way to Use CRISPR  Birth Spiral  The Role of microRNAs in Social Behavior  Birth Spiral  Parent Brain Activity Mimics Infant Brain Activity  Birth Spiral  Roots of Neuropsychiatric Disease  Birth Spiral  Vitamin D Deficiency Increases Risk of Schizophrenia  Birth Spiral  Good Infant Nutrition Can Protect Against Stress  Birth Spiral  Glutamate Stimulates Nerve Growth  Birth Spiral  Why Newborns Root  Birth Spiral  A Gene That Helps Define Us As Humans  Birth Spiral  Rare Gene Mutation Affects Brain and Memory  Birth Spiral  Alleviating Schizophrenia In Mice  Birth Spiral  The Brain Uses Two Clocks  Birth Spiral  Brain Grey Matter Grows Rapidly In First Years   January 2019